Statistics: England

On this page:

> Children in public care
> Placements
> Unaccompanied Asylum Seeking Children
> Private Fostering
> Adoption Orders by date of Court Order
> Adoptions from Care
> Adoption Search and Reunion
> Sources

Children in public care

68,110 children were in the care of local authorities on 31st March 2013, compared to 67,080 in 2012.

The rate of looked after children per 10,000 under 18 years on 31st March 2013 was 60, compared to 59 in 2012. 

Gender

55% (37,510) of children looked after on 31st March 2013 were boys and 45% (30,600) were girls

Age

  • 6% (4,310) of children looked after on 31st March 2013 were under 1 year old
  • 18% (12,360) were aged between 1 and 4 years old
  • 19% (13,260) were aged between 5 and 9 years old
  • 36% (24,450) were aged between 10 and 15 years old
  • 20% (13,730) were aged 16 and over

Ethnicity

  • 78% (53,030) of children looked after on 31st March 2013 were white
  • 9% (6,090) were of mixed racial background
  • 4% (2,620) were Asian or Asian British
  • 7% (4,470) were Black or Black British
  • 2% (1,390) were from other ethnic groups
  • 1% (500) were other (refused or information not yet available)

Placements

  • 75% (50,900) of children looked after on 31st March 2013 were living with foster carers
  • 9% (6,000) were living in secure units, children's homes or hostels
  • 5% (3,260) were placed with their parents
  • 5% (3,350) were placed for adoption
  • 3% (2,190) were with another placement in the community
  • 3% (2,140) were placed in residential schools or other residential settings

Unaccompanied Asylum Seeking Children

1,860 unaccompanied asylum seeking children were looked after on 31st March 2013

  • 87% (1,630) were boys and 13% (230) were girls

Private Fostering

1,500 children were reported to local authorities as being cared for and accommodated in private fostering arrangements at 31st March 2013 (compared to 1,560 in 2012).

2,500 new private fostering arrangements began during the year ending 31st March 2013 (compared to 2,420 in 2012).

2,590 private fostering arrangements were reported to have ended during the year ending 31st March 2013 (compared with 2,520 in 2012).

Adoption Orders entered into the Adopted Children Register

  • 5,206 adoptions were entered into the Adopted Children Register (ACR) following court orders made in England (4,835) and Wales (371) during 2012. This is an increase of 9.8% on the 4,740 adoptions entered in 2011.

NB Figures on the ACR include adoptions by relatives and step–parents as well as adoptions from care.

Adoptions from Care

3,980 children were adopted from care during the year ending 31st March 2013, compared to 3,470 in 2012.

Gender

51% (2,010) of children adopted during the year ending 31st March 2013 were boys and 49% (1,970) were girls.

Age

The average age at adoption in the year ending 31st March 2013 was 3 years 8 months

  • 2% (90) of children adopted during the year ending 31st March 2013 were under 1 year old
  • 74% (2,960) were aged between 1 and 4 years old
  • 21% (850) were aged between 5 and 9 years old
  • 2% (70) were aged between 10 and 15 years old
  • <1% (10) were aged 16 and over 

Ethnicity

  • 83% (3,310) of looked after children adopted during the year ending 31st March 2013 were white
  • 11% (430) were of mixed racial background
  • 3% (100) were Black or Black British
  • 2% (60) were Asian or Asian British
  • 1% (40) were from other ethnic groups
  • 1% (40) were other (refused or information not yet available)

Adopters

90% (3,560) of children were adopted by couples and 10% (420) by single adopters during the year ending 31st March 2013.

6% (230) of children were adopted by same sex couples (either in a civil partnership or not) during the year ending 31st March 2013, up from 4% (160) children in the previous year.

Waiting times

69% (2,740) children were placed for adoption within 12 months of an agency decision that the child should be placed for adoption during the year ending 31st March 2013, compared to 72% (2,480) in 2012.

Adoption Search and Reunion

The Adoption Contact Register for England and Wales
At 30th June 2001, there were 19,683 adoptees and 8,492 relatives on the Adoption Contact Register for England and Wales, and 539 successful matches had been made since the start of the Adoption Contact Register in 1991.

Sources:

Children looked after in England (including adoption and care leavers) year ending 31 March 2013
www.gov.uk

Notifications of private fostering arrangements in England: Year Ending 31 March 2013
www.gov.uk

Adoptions in England and Wales, 2012
www.ons.gov.uk

Adoptees and Relatives who Wish to Contact Each Other Using the Adoption Contact Register: Trends, relationships and proportions of records matched, from Population Trends, No 106, Winter 2001
www.statistics.gov.uk (pdf)

Children's Social Work Statistics 2012 Edition (Scotland but some data in additional tables covers all countries)
www.scotland.gov.uk