Statistics: England

On this page:

> Children in public care
> Placements
> Unaccompanied Asylum Seeking Children
> Private Fostering
> Adoption Orders by date of Court Order
> Adoptions from Care
> Adopters
> Sources

Children in public care

68,840 children were in the care of local authorities on 31st March 2014, compared to 68,060 in 2013.

The rate of looked after children per 10,000 under 18 years on 31st March 2014 was 60. This figure varies significantly at Local Authority level from a low of 20 (Wokingham) to a high of 152 (Blackpool).

Gender

55% (38,040) of children looked after on 31st March 2014 were boys and 45% (30,800) were girls

Age

  • 6% (3,880) of children looked after on 31st March 2014 were under 1 year old
  • 17% (11,440) were aged between 1 and 4 years old
  • 20% (13,920) were aged between 5 and 9 years old
  • 37% (25,140) were aged between 10 and 15 years old
  • 21% (14,460) were aged 16 and over

Ethnicity

  • 78% (53,440) of children looked after on 31st March 2014 were white
  • 9% (6,140) were of mixed racial background
  • 4% (2,540) were Asian or Asian British
  • 7% (4,620) were Black or Black British
  • 2% (1,530) were from other ethnic groups
  • 1% (570) were other (refused or information not yet available)

Placements

  • 75% (51,340) of children looked after on 31st March 2014 were living with foster carers
  • 9% (6,360) were living in secure units, children's homes or hostels
  • 5% (3,210) were placed with their parents
  • 5% (3,580) were placed for adoption
  • 3% (2,250) were with another placement in the community
  • 3% (1,890) were placed in residential schools or other residential settings

Unaccompanied Asylum Seeking Children

1,970 unaccompanied asylum seeking children were looked after on 31st March 2014

  • 89% (1,750) were boys and 11% (230) were girls
  • 76% (1,500) were aged 16 and over

Private Fostering

  • 1,610 children were reported to local authorities as being cared for and accommodated in private fostering arrangements at 31st March 2014 (compared to 1,500 in 2013).
  • 2,880 new private fostering arrangements began during the year ending 31st March 2014 (compared to 2,500 in 2013).
  • 2,750 private fostering arrangements were reported to have ended during the year ending 31st March 2014 (compared with 2,590 in 2013).

Awaiting Adoption

4,820 children had an adoption decision but were not yet placed at 30th September 2014.

3,470 children had a placement order for adoption but were not yet placed at 30th September 2014.

Siblings

48% (1,670) of the children with a placement order waiting to be placed at 30th September 2014 were part of a sibling group. This figure was up from 46% at 30 June 2014.

Waiting times

72% (3,620) children were placed for adoption within 12 months of an agency decision that the child should be placed for adoption during the year ending 31st March 2014, compared to 69% (2,740) in 2013 and 71% (2,480) in 2012.

The average time between a child entering care and moving in with their adopted family, for those who have been adopted, was 540 days in the first half of 2014-15.

Adoption Orders entered into the Adopted Children Register

  • 5,206 adoptions were entered into the Adopted Children Register (ACR) following court orders made in England (4,835) and Wales (371) during 2012. This is an increase of 9.8% on the 4,740 adoptions entered in 2011.

NB Figures on the ACR include adoptions by relatives and step–parents as well as adoptions from care.

Adoptions from Care

5,050 children were adopted from care during the year ending 31st March 2014, compared to 4,010 in 2013.

Gender

50% (2,510) of children adopted during the year ending 31st March 2014 were boys and 50% (2,540) were girls.

Age

The average age at adoption in the year ending 31st March 2014 was 3 years 5 months, 3 months younger than in the two previous years

  • 4% (180) of children adopted during the year ending 31st March 2014 were under 1 year old
  • 76% (3,840) were aged between 1 and 4 years old
  • 19% (960) were aged between 5 and 9 years old
  • 1% (70) were aged between 10 and 15 years old
  • None were aged 16 and over (to nearest 10)

Ethnicity

  • 83% (4,210) of looked after children adopted during the year ending 31st March 2014 were white
  • 11% (560) were of mixed racial background
  • 2% (100) were Black or Black British
  • 1% (70) were Asian or Asian British
  • 1% (50) were from other ethnic groups
  • 1% (70) were other (refused or information not yet available)

Siblings adopted

810 (32%) of the 2,520 children adopted during the first half of 2014-15 were part of a sibling group

Sources

Adopters

During the year ending 31st March 2014:

  • 91% (4,610) of children were adopted by couples
  • 9% (440) by single adopters

7% (340) of children were adopted by same sex couples (either in a civil partnership or not), up from 6% (230) children in the previous year.

2,320 approved adopters were waiting to be matched with children at 30th September 2014.

 

Sources:

Children looked after in England (including adoption and care leavers) year ending 31 March 2014
www.gov.uk

Adoption Leadership Board quarterly data reports: July to September 2014
www.gov.uk

Notifications of private fostering arrangements in England: Year Ending 31 March 2014
www.gov.uk

Adoptions in England and Wales, 2012
www.ons.gov.uk

Children's Social Work Statistics 2012 Edition (Scotland but some data in additional tables covers all countries)
www.scotland.gov.uk